Dictionary of words used in the villages of Strandzha, related to the traditional houses and their building. Documented on site.



Stromi beams of the beamwork
Derek encircling beam
Zadnitsa Storage for wheat, corn, etc. in the rear part of the house
Sofra Low round table
Kozinar Something weaved from goat’s hair
Elatnik Wash basin made of hollow trunk
Shumarnik Outdoor toilet
Limar Bag full of grain for sowing
Stobur toilet
Matchol Hammer up to 5kg s
Diulger a masonry-craftsman
Temel Foundation of a house
Pokrov Blanket
Odaya Room
Bustale, bustali Special slippers for work of a masonry-craftsman
Zimbil Bag of flax or bulrush containing the masonry-craftsman’s tools
Panistro Hand plane for straightening of planks and cutting at a right angle
Irinde Small hand plane for planks
Giunoso Small hand plane with 3 blades usually used for window and door decorations
Siurme Groove hand plane for fitting of doors and windows
Pisalka Steel cutter for carving
Zemalna 1-storey house
Bashlak Thick beam at the longitudinal side of the house
Stroma Thick beam at the transverse side of the house
Pelikari (pl.) Vertically positioned beams which lay out the exterior walls on the second storey
Pop (popnik) Vertical beam in the roof construction
Slyame Thick beam between two “pop” beams
Skelemidi (pl.) Thin laths used as an underlay for Turkish roof tiles
Zemalni houses Strandzha’s oldest traditional houses
Elovitsa Soft mud for used as a kind of putty and/or plaster
Dam First storey
Shavula Plumb-line
Chitur Ceramic pot for transportation of water
Kupanya Wooden bowl mostly with a rainbow like shaped handle
Natur, naturnik household, luggage/belongings
Prestrilo Curtain made of rug
Sasak Storage
Santrach Horizontal wooden thin beam within a stone masonry
Sosiek Chest for food storage,
Peshtur Fireplace with furnace